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Countering Social Media as a Weapon in South Sudan

Hate Speech in South Sudan: Social Media as a Weapon of War

PeaceTech Lab, 03 May 2017

In 2016 PeaceTech Lab conducted research to better understand the connection between online hate speech and violence on the ground in South Sudan. The Lab created a lexicon of hate speech terms and monitored social media in support of local initiatives combating hate speech.

What’s the connection between online hate narratives and violence on the ground in South Sudan? How do we begin to understand those connections?

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms combines cutting-edge social media analysis with in-country expertise to identify both the terms likely to incite violence, and their social and political context. The Lexicon also identifies alternative language that would mitigate the impact of this speech.

The goal of this research is to inform organizations and individuals combating hate speech and building peace in South Sudan, as well as to raise awareness among social media users on the dangers of specific inflammatory language.

Hate Speech Lexicon in South Sudan

‘El Pais’ article by Gloria Pallares, 11 April 2017
Translated by Johanna Schnitzler

Social Media fuels war in a country on the brink of genocide. The Hate Speech Lexicon is the first to identify the terms used to incite violence.

[READ FULL ARTICLE]

There are words that kill. In the case of South Sudan, social media has emerged as a new source of ethno-political conflict. According to the United Nations and international experts, South Sudan is at the brink of genocide and has been plagued with famine throughout the region this year. Ethnic conflict has erupted since December 2013 amongst parties that are aligned with President Salva Kiir of the Dinka tribe, against those aligned with Former Vice President Riek Machar, of the Nuer tribe. Although South Sudan is among the world’s least developed countries and about 70% of its population is illiterate, hate speech and fake news disseminates through the internet and spreads violence to regions that don’t even have electricity. Local and international organizations have responded to the gravity of situation through their work. One result of this collective effort is the Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms which is the first of its kind to identify the vocabulary used to incite violence of social media.

#defyhatenow #anataban #peace4all #SouthSudan #PeaceTechLab

re:publica & GIG, Berlin

Dear Friends,

We’d love to welcome you to our second annual r0g_agency ‘Meet ‘n Greet’ at our new location in Charlottenburg! We’ll take the opportunity to introduce three of our project colleagues from South Sudan, our guests at a series of events including the 11th edition of re:publica, Global Innovation Gathering (GIG), and the 1st Berlin Offline Camp…

Achol Jok Mach
#defyhatenow project manager and cultural podcaster

Jaiksana Amarüda José
cultural activist, songwriter and open tech community trainer

Hakim George Hakim
freelance photo-journalist, film maker and social media activist

Thursday May 4th, 2017
18.00 – 22.00

r0g_agency for open culture and critical transformation gGmbH
Knobelsdorffstrasse 22
14059 Berlin-Charlottenburg

The evening will feature a special sneak preview screening of ZAWAJA GALI (‘Marriage is Expensive’) the new film by Sam Lukudu and Cont de Monk, starring Joyce Maker, shot and produced entirely on location in Juba, South Sudan!

re:publica 2017

Monday May 8, @ 19.45 – 20.45 (Stage 2)

Since gaining independence in 2011 the Republic of South Sudan has become embroiled in a protracted civil conflict claiming thousands of lives and displacing over a million people. When violent clashes between government and opposition forces erupted in the capital Juba on the eve of its fifth anniversary in July 2016 the role played by social media in stoking violence, fear and ethnic hatred came to the fore. Initiatives such as #defyhatenow, working with local communities to identify and mitigate social media hate speech, along with the surveying and monitoring of ethnic hate terminology by the Peace Tech Lab seek to create mechanisms to curb conflict rhetoric as urgent peace-building measures.

Wednesday May 10, @ 10.30 – 11.00 (Stage 2)

Clemantine Wamarya and Achol Jok Mach are honoring this year´s theme “Loving out Loud” by defining what love might be in respect for oneself, for community, for country and for the world; discussing the importance of being aware of what is in our way of loving outloud as opposed to hating in silence, rooted in their personal lived experience.

Global Innovation Gathering (GIG) 2017

GIG Makerspace & Program @ re:publica

The Global Innovation Gathering (GIG), a sub-conference developed by re:publica, brings together innovation hub managers, makers, hackers and entrepreneurs from across the world. In the last four years GIG has become a central part of the conference programme, showcasing tech innovation and maker projects from Asia, Africa and Latin America. At re:publica 2017 GIG will come together for its fifth annual gathering; its members will take over the #rp17 stages on numerous occasions during the three re:publica days and GIG will host a pop-up Makerspace together with the FabLab Berlin.

2017 GIG is taking place in collaboration with the StartHubs Asia Berlin project, initiated by the City of Berlin, and GIZ. Over 20 different nationalities will be hosting talks and workshops ranging from using the open-source software Ushahidi for reporting extra judicial killings in the Philippines, to open citizen data projects in Indonesia, Columbia and Brazil, and self-made ISPs in the Amazon jungle. The programme also covers current and global political developments and discusses various issues such as the prevailing debate on online hate speech and how to mitigate it, in particular in conflict regions such as South Sudan.

#defyhatenow
#zawajagali
#Peace4ALL

#Peace4All Music Video

Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4ALL Music Video, Rhino Camp Uganda

“We just wanna dedicate this song, to everyone who lost their love ones, in the wars and all we wanna do right now is to create a #PeaceVillage for everyone to live in, we wanna change the way that people live and to #defyhatenow.”

Lyrics: Jaiksana A. José (RonnyRiddimz pan de beat – intro.)

#Peace4all Music Video at the #PeaceVillage, Rhino Camp Uganda

#PeaceVillage uses music to send positive and educational messages through songs and poems, raising awareness of the consequences of violence and the importance of peacebuilding, by discouraging hate speech online & offline.

The music program is designed to break down the prejudices that exist among South Sudanese communities and foster a culture of reconciliation by sending positive & educational messages through music & poems.

#Peace4ALL video was recorded at Luruja, Terego (Rhino camp).

Luruja is a cluster settlement inside Ofua zone which is yet the biggest settlement within the Rhino camp with a population that amounts to 30,000 people as of November 2016. Three members of the group are urban refugees who are running small businesses in Arua.

Brought together by their desire and commitment to fight ignorance about hate speech online and the effects of war, the groups embeds education in their lyrics in a bid to #defyhatenow.

#Peace4ALL #defyhatenow #AnaTaban #PeaceVillage #SouthSudan
Peace4ALL Video

Peace4ALL Video

#Peace4ALL Music Video – CREDITS

LYRICS #Peace4all by Jaiksana A. José

Musicians: #Peace4All singers Sherry Zania (Aurora), Ronald Luate (RonnyRiddimz) and Adams Mandela (FreeBoy).

#PeaceVillage music group includes Isaac Deng (BigWig) Joseph Luate (Prince Joseph) BlueJay and Nico Yen. Three members of the group are urban refugees who are running small businesses in Arua.

Location: #Peace4ALL video recorded at Luruja, Terego (Rhino camp).

Luruja is a cluster settlement inside Ofua zone which is yet the biggest settlement within the Rhino camp with a population that amounts to 30,000 people as of November 2016.

Production: #Peace4ALL video shot by Benchmark films montage (P4A Camera shots by Yass Alman, directed and edited by AB soft.)

Community Development Centre (CDC). Community interest organisation committed to building strong and resilient communities in #SouthSudan & Uganda

#defyhatenow: Mobilising Civic Action Against Hate Speech and Directed Social Media Incitement to Violence in South Sudan.

#defyhatenow is an initiative to combat social media hate speech by the r0g_agency for open culture and critical transformation, Berlin, and independent partners in Juba, funded by the ifa – Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (zivik) with means of the German Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt)

#Peace4All Music Video

#Peace4All Music Video

LYRICS

#Peace4all
Jaiksana A. José

(RonnyRiddimz pan de beat)
Intro.
We just wanna dedicate this song,
to everyone who lost their love ones, in the wars
and all we wanna do right now
is to create a #PeaceVillage for everyone to live in
we wanna change the way that people live and to #defyhatenow.

Chorus.
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need to suffer anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need the fighting anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all

Verse 1. (Free Boy)
It’s gonna be you and me
to change this world into a better place let’s learn to love and not
discriminate let’s learn to move along, get along
I can see my people falling victims to bullets and bombs some are forced
to run away, and leave their homes
why does it have to be this way, (Be this way)
what do we gain from the wars and pain
let’s give peace a chance to take control
coz all it needs is all of us to play that role
coz all we need is come together!
Divide we fall united we stand

Chorus.
We only reap what we sow,
we don’t need to suffer anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need the fighting anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all

Verse 2. (RONNY RIDDIMS)
What do we gain?
(What do we gain?)
From this wars and pain
(From this wars and pain)
What do we gain?
(What do we gain)
when the nation is crying and we losing hopes.
what do we gain?,
you are my brother and sister.
we belong to each other – lets love one another
and #defyhatenow, no need for a trigger. Let us hold our hands!

Chorus.
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need to suffer anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need the fighting anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all

Verse 3. (Sherry Zania)
I’m talking to you Mr. Politician
how do you even sleep at night with this corruption?
And if your mission is to find peace,
why don’t you practice what you preach?
A generation is dying, the mothers are crying,
all we do is praying for a better day
For a better day
And we don’t wanna be refugees no more!

Chorus.
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need to suffer anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all
We only reap what we sow
we don’t need the fighting anymore
all we need is love in our hearts
all we need is #Peace4all

Outro.
We all – a-ll a-lll

#Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4All from Rhino Camp to Berlin

#Peace4ALL Video PREVIEW Juba, Arua, Rhino Camp, Online & Berlin Roundtable

#Peace4all Music Video Preview 28th March 6-8pm

The preview of the new #Peace4ALL music video from the #PeaceVillage in collaboration with #defyhatenow takes place Tuesday March 28th at 6pm.

The video preview will be on March 28th with German Ambassador to South Sudan, Johannes Lehne and #Peace4ALL artists online at r0g_agency studio.

Launch events to follow in Juba, Arua & Rhino Camp Uganda. Stay tuned for events in South Sudan and Uganda, while you enjoy the music video online.

Free Boy, RonnyRiddimz, Barnabas Samuel and Ladule Chris appearing on skype from Arua! Join us in Juba, Arua, Rhino Camp, Berlin & online.

#Peace4ALL Music Video Launch FB Event
@defyhatenow
defyhatenow.net / Community Development Centre (CDC) South Sudan

#Peace4ALL #defyhatenow #AnaTaban #PeaceVillage #SouthSudan

#Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4ALL Music Video

#Peace4ALL
“We just wanna dedicate this song,
to everyone who lost their love ones, in the wars
and all we wanna do right now
is to create a #PeaceVillage for everyone to live in
we wanna change the way that people live and to #defyhatenow.”
Lyrics: Jaiksana A. José (RonnyRiddimz pan de beat – intro.)

Roundtable Discussion @ r0g_agency, Berlin

In the face of recent and disturbing news from South Sudan, you are cordially invited to a round-table discussion with Ambassador Johannes Lehne and our South Sudanese social media expert Nelson Kwaje, at the r0g_agency for open culture and critical transformation.

This informal discussion around grassroots peacebuilding through education, innovation and culture is on Tuesday, March 28, 6-8 pm at our new Charlottenburg office in Knobelsdorffstr. 22, 14059 Berlin, Germany.

#Peace4ALL #defyhatenow #PeaceVillage

The #PeaceVillage uses music to send positive and educational messages to people through songs, poems and raising awareness of the consequences of violence and preach the importance of peace building by discouraging hate speech online and offline.

The music program was designed to break down the prejudices that exist among South Sudanese communities and foster a culture of reconciliation by sending positive & educational messages through music & poems.

The group also works to offer psychosocial support to refugees through sharing messages of hope in their compositions and events. It’s aim is to comfort those who are traumatised due to issues of lost property, family members or hope.

Brought together by the desire and commitment to fight ignorance about hate speech online and the effects of war, the groups embeds education in their lyrics in a bid to #defyhatenow.

Peace4ALL Video

Peace4ALL Video

#defyhatenow: Mobilising Civic Action Against Hate Speech and Directed Social Media Incitement to Violence in South Sudan.

#defyhatenow is an initiative to combat social media hate speech by the r0g_agency for open culture and critical transformation, Berlin, and independent partners in Juba, funded by the ifa – Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (zivik) with means of the German Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt).

Peace & diaspora ‘Let’s Talk’ podcast now online!

LET’S TALK PODCAST #DEFYHATENOW

Let’s Talk is the new podcast on South Sudan featuring Achol Jok Mach in conversation with South Sudanese community leaders and citizens.

Mr Buk Arop currently serves as President of South Sudan Development Foundation and Secretary General for Abyei Youth Association in Diaspora. Buk Arop holds a Bachelor of Arts in International Development Studies and Master of Arts in Cultural Studies from Saint Mary’s University and Athabasca University respectively. Currently working with the Government of Alberta as Career and Employment Consultant, Buk has lived in Canada for nearly 16 years and is active in the South Sudanese community across Canada. Buk participates in numerous forums as speaker or panelist on various topics mostly related to aid, poverty, international development, multiculturalism, South Sudan, African Diaspora, racism, immigrants and refugee experiences. twitter.com/bukarop

Sam Acire Obaloker is a South Sudanese from Panyikwara who currently resides in Canada, and works for the government of Alberta. In 2000, he immigrated to Canada through WUSC and studied Social Work at the University of Regina. Sam has a long work experience in the Human Services in Edmonton – Alberta.

Sam is a dedicated family man who has a passion for writing poetry, and is actively involved with the Community during his spare time. One of his works – Windows- was first published besides others on the death of Literary Arts in East Africa that featured the renowned writer and professor, Dr. Taban Lo’Lyiong in the “Tore” news magazine. Sam is currently working on a project with peers to launch their first collected works reflecting on their past in South Sudan, and to promote a new genre of literary arts in the new nation – South Sudan.

#defyhatenow
defyhatenow.net/
www.facebook.com/defyhatenow/

#defyhatenow Peace Messages

Peace / Diaspora Roundtable & Strategic Forum on Mobilising Civic Action Against Hate Speech and Directed Social Media Incitement to Violence in South Sudan. Peace messages from participants, July 2016 NAIROBI PROGRAM

PeaceTech Lab: Social Media & Conflict in South Sudan

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms & Countering Hate Speech

Since the outbreak of violence in December 2013, South Sudanese have called attention to how hate speech has inflamed further violent conflict. But what’s the connection between online hate narratives and violence on the ground in South Sudan? How do we begin to understand those connections?

To address these questions, PeaceTech Lab has developed a Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms, combining cutting-edge social media analysis with in-country expertise to identify both the terms likely to incite violence, and their social and political context. The Lexicon also identifies alternative language that would mitigate the impact of this speech via an online portal for countering hate speech.

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms Report

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms Report

“Countries with rapidly expanding Internet access, such as South Sudan, are also experiencing the spread of online rumors, misinformation, and targeted attacks to exploit political or ethnic differences,” says Theo Dolan, Director of PeaceTech Lab Africa.

Dolan says that raising awareness among social media users around the world is urgently needed to shed  light on the dangers of hate speech, particularly related to South Sudan. Online hate speech can spread through personal and family networks, and it spreads fast – information can flow very quickly from a diaspora community in Australia to the US and back to South Sudan.

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

The goal of the lexicon is to inform organizations and individuals combating hate speech and building peace in South Sudan, as well as to raise awareness among social media users on the dangers of specific inflammatory language.

The research is incredibly important because South Sudan has been in conflict for so long. People are already traumatized and online hate speech can reinforce this trauma. With more contexts around why these terms are inflammatory, people will have a better idea of how to combat the problem” says PeaceTech Lab Director Theo Dolan.

 

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

Access a summary of the project, live visualizations from the social media analysis of hate speech, news articles, and resources for organizations countering hate speech through the South Sudan Hate Speech Data Portal, located in the PeaceTech Lab’s Open Situation Room Exchange (OSRx).

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

PeaceTech Lab Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms chart

Social Media and Conflict in South Sudan: A Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms Download Report
Open Situation Room Exchange (OSRx) South Sudan Hate Speech Portal
RADIO MIRAYA INTERVIEW with Theo Dolan on PeaceTech Lab research & lexicon

Wau Wikipedia Peace Agents #defyhatenow

Wikipedia Peace Agents in Wau 15-16th December

#defyhatenow wikipedia peace agents workshop in Wau! Wikipedia is ‘mined’ to get an initial overview of information about South Sudan, what languages are being used … and for things that are particularly interesting to promote peace, unity and cultural diversity to bring these into the social media sphere, via facebook and twitter. Also contacting wikipedia authors, sources & connectors.

dhn_wau_peacejam_civicengagementcentre

#Peacejam #SouthSudan #Peace4Wau #Peace4SouthSudan

dhn_wau_wikiepedia_peace_sprint

Using #Wikipedia for peace & right information in #SouthSudan

dhn_wau_wikipedia_peace_agentsintraining

Wau Wikipedia Peace Agents

Wau Wikipedia Peace Agents

Wau Wikipedia Peace Agents workshop by @defyhatenow for 2 days in #Wau

Using Wikipedia to #defyhatenow in Wau, South Sudan

Using Wikipedia to #defyhatenow in Wau, South Sudana

 

منظمة جنوب السودان للمسرح فى مسرح الشارع ،جوبا الرابع من اكتوبر 2016 تصوير حكيم جورج

#defyhatenow South Sudan Theatre for peacebuilding

This video introduces #defyhatenow workshops, street theatre and dance performances in Juba, with voices from citizens of South Sudan concerning the impact of online hate speech and incitement to violence in their communities.

In November 2016, Adama Dieng, the UN Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide warned of the potential for genocide in South Sudan, noting how social media is contributing to the conflict. Report at UN Security Council on 17th November and Media Briefing by Mr. Adama Dieng on his visit to South Sudan.

#DefyHateNow is an urgent community peacebuilding, training and conflict reconciliation project that aims to strengthen the voices and support the actions of emergent & youth oriented civil society organizations in South Sudan.

Thanks to the South Sudan Theatre Organisation (SSTO) and Aggrey Jaden Cultural Centre. The street drama was developed around issues of hate speech online and incitement to violence offline. Performances at #peacejam, September 21st; Juba Girls Secondary School and PoC sites.

#defyhatenow responds to South Sudan’s ongoing civil crisis by addressing the roles played by a wide range of social media users in exacerbating or helping to mitigate these issues, particularly since the eruption of conflicts on December 15, 2013 and July 2016. The initiative aims to raise awareness of and develop means to counter social media based hate speech, conflict rhetoric and directed online incitement to violence.

#peacejam

Use the power of social media to promote peace; bring friends and communities in South Sudan and around the world together.

#defyhatenow on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp and your favourite apps to become a social media peace mobilizer!

http://defyhatenow.net/
facebook: defyhatenow
twitter: @defyhatenow

منظمة جنوب السودان للمسرح فى مسرح الشارع ،جوبا الرابع من اكتوبر 2016 تصوير حكيم جورج

South Sudan Theatre Organisation #defyhatenow video trailer

Coming soon! Video by #DefyHateNow with South Sudan Theatre Organisation performances in Juba raising awareness & tackling hate speech on social media.

منظمة جنوب السودان للمسرح فى مسرح الشارع ،جوبا الرابع من اكتوبر 2016 تصوير حكيم جورج

#defyhatenow Street Theatre @ Juba Secondary School

The #defyhatenow team with the SSTO group stormed Juba one girls Secondary school this morning passing laughter with positive messages and raising awareness about the use of social Media.

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

#defyhatenow SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016

#defyhatenow SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Khamis

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Khamis

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

SSTO Street Theatre, Juba 4th Oct 2016 Photo: Hakim George

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