special shout-out to the amazing #defyhatenow team! The peace tree in Juba bloomed with the amazing energy of the #PeaceDay,...
The #defyhatenow Field Guide offers tools and strategies to be used by community-based organisations & online campaigns for peacebuilding in South...
Starring Silvano Yokwe, Doker Stephen, Winnie Joseph, Nicole Mariam Produced by SKP South Sudan and Bilpam Studios with support by r0g_agency Directed...
#ThinkB4UClick (Think Before You Click) is a #defyhatenow led awareness campaign that aims at creating public awareness on the dangers...
The song starts with a recurrent jamming & dancing over and over as it builds up to the chorus which says, “However long the journey will be, we will walk till the end, #Kifaya, Kifaya Le Mashakil (Enough to war) so we are Jamming, Jamming for Peace. We are dancing, dancing for peace”. It also...
A huge thank you to everyone who took part in the #PeaceJam18 online and in person, with a very special shout-out to the amazing #defyhatenow team! The peace tree in Juba bloomed with the amazing energy of the #PeaceDay, and the concert in Rhino Camp Uganda was incredible. Below is a brief review of how...
South Sudanese living across the world maintain strong ties and express an undying attachment to their homeland. This is apparent considering the millions of dollars the diaspora remit back home annually, noticeable from the fact that South Sudanese community leaders are becoming increasingly involved in politics, and evident in the new wave of development, business,...
Behind the scenes with South Sudanese Dance Crew. We talked to South Sudanese Dance Crew Richard Ambrose, Deel Wekesa and Kambaya Ambrose about achieving success away from home and what peace means to them. Are you only three? Yes, we, but we collaborate with different crews on different projects, that’s why in a lot of...
HOW TO JOIN #PEACEJAM18 ONLINE Check out the #PeaceJam18 event on Facebook. Respond by going and invite your friends to attend. Add the #Peacejam18 fb frame to your profile picture! #PeaceJam18 is an online community peacebuilding event for anyone interested in peace and cultural dialogue to jam for peace. Join the #PeaceJam18 by sharing your...
The community peacebuilding initiative #defyhatenow welcomes South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s remarks condemning hate speech. From the Facebook account of the South Sudan Presidential Press Unit: “The President last Friday during swearing-in ceremony of the newly appointed governors urging them to sensitized citizen about peace, adding that hate speech against the opposition members is...
Who is P.U.S.H? Power in Unity to Save Humanity (P.U.S.H) was founded in March 2014 by Lucy, Abul and Pearl. P.U.S.H is one of the organisations we work with at #defyhatenow to help us create more impact in our areas of operation. They are based in Nairobi Kenya, we had a chat with the founders...
On the 9th of July 2011 South Sudan became the youngest nation in the world. About two years after independence, on December 15th 2013 the young nation experienced civil unrest.What the rest of the world refers to as a war torn country is home to so many people. Among them are young people who have...
On December 5th 2013 South Africa lost a statesman and the world lost an icon – Nelson Mandela. We feel like a loss because of how phenomenal he was but in reality Madiba rested, after a full life. So every year on 18th of July the world joins South Africa in celebrating Mandela’s birthday. Today...
It is to another hot June day during my short stay in Cairo. I get ready to head to the workshop that I have been discussing in a series of lengthy email threads with the #defyhatenow team in Juba, Berlin and Cairo. This is the day all these talks are to become manifest in real...
Young people are seeking to defy hate between the different factions within South Sudan through social media and street drama theater. All are efforts exerted with the aim to rid the country from the aggression that has hindered development of South Sudan. We conduct workshops and social media trainings in different regions mainly targeting the ...
To achieve our goals at #defyhatenow we partner with people and organisations who are working towards the same goals to help strengthen and support each other, and reach a wider network of communities to engage more effectively in activities that help to facilitate ongoing peacebuilding and build a strong civil society. One of those partners...
What We Do
We seek to support those voices acting against the conflict to go ‘viral’ within and outside the country – also bringing the South Sudanese diaspora into the online peacebuilding framework, bridging gaps of knowledge and awareness of social media mechanisms between those with access to technology and those without.
Combating hate speech through the Arts
Starring Silvano Yokwe, Doker Stephen, Winnie Joseph, Nicole Mariam
Produced by SKP South Sudan, Bilpam Studios with r0g_agency
Director Egily Hakim Egily
Written by Sam Lukudu
The South Sudan focused community peace building initiative #defyhatenow is proud to present DEFY – a short film on the perils of social media misuse.
DEFY tells the story of the fictional senior politician Honourable David’s newfound passion for
social media and the risks that come with using these platforms to spread propaganda and
The film shows an extreme yet potential example of how the misuse of social media can go
spectacularly awry, indicating that hate speech has no place in our political life, our
neighbourhoods and workplaces. The film aims to raise awareness and facilitate dialogue about
how we can work together in our communities to address these risks and mitigate further
incitement to violence arising through online hate speech.
South Sudan context
Learn more about DEFY
Hate Speech attacks a person or a group on the basis of race, religion, gender or sexual orientation. It is not freedom of speech. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) requires states to prohibit Hate Speech”
Hate speech often shows up online, especially on social media. Facebook, Twitter, and Google each have its own specific definition of hate speech and their approaches to dealing with it are evolving. Facebook’s rules forbid bullying, harassment, and threatening language (although critics say it does not always enforce these rules properly). Twitter In 2015, the social media platform banned speech that could incite terrorism, or violence against people “on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, age, or disability.”
#Yalichecks #ThinkB4UClick Check the source and verify information Not everything you see online is true, not all sources of information are reliable always check twice and thrice if you may. Lies spread faster than the truth The whole world is listening to what you post, don’t share lies and misinformation, you cannot undo all your wrongs with one correction. Get context before you respond Out of context information has the ability to mislead many people. Small steps matter, you can have a larger impact The theme #ThinkB4UClick is a call to action, it aims at encouraging citizens to take small “hygienic” steps to mitigating hate speech and incitement to violence. We need to have more conversations on these issues at home, school and in the workplace. Each person has an obligation to use Social Media responsibly and utilize the online mechanisms for reporting hate speech and misinformation online. Let us work to have a #HateFreeSouthSudan
CRITICAL THINKING MODEL BE SKEPTICAL OF HEADLINES. False news stories often have catchy headlines in all caps with exclamation points. Read the entire article. LOOK CLOSELY AT THE URL. Compare the URL to established sources. A phony or look-alike URL with small changes may be a warning sign of fake news. DON’T BELIEVE A WORD UNTIL YOU CHECK FACTS AND SOURCES. Are the sources and facts credible? Investigate the source. Is it a source that you trust with a reputation for accuracy? INSPECT THE DATES. Fake news stories may contain timelines that make no sense, or event dates have been altered. CHECK THE EVIDENCE. Check the author’s sources to confirm accuracy. Lack of evidence or reliance on unnamed experts may indicate a false news story. SEARCH TO SEE WHO ELSE HAS COVERED THE STORY. Look at other reports. If no other news source is reporting the same story, it may indicate that the story is fake. If the story is reported by multiple sources you trust, it’s more likely to be true. CONSIDER THE IMAGES. Fake news stories often contain manipulated images or videos. Sometimes the photo may be authentic, but taken out of context. REVERSE IMAGE SEARCH. Reverse image search photos to see when they were first published and verify original sources. Upload image, click on camera icon or search by URL. https://images.google.com/ https://reverse.photos/ https://tineye.com/ SOME STORIES ARE INTENTIONALLY FAKE. Think critically about the stories you read, and only share news that you know to be credible. Are you being spun? Do you feel manipulated? Are other credible news outlets covering the story? Is this story a potential fake news story?
Dangerous Speech and its capacity to inspire violence to depend on its context: on who spreads it, how, to whom, and in what social and historical context. How can one know which speech is dangerous? One must make an educated, systematic guess. Consider the: Message > Speaker > Audience > Context > Medium of the speech Use these five variables to analyze the dangerousness of hate speech: • The degree of the speaker’s influence over an audience • The grievances or fears of the audience that can be cultivated by the speaker • Whether or not the speech act is understood as a call to violence • The social and historical context (such as previous episodes of violence) • Whether the means distributing the speech is also influential (such as when a media outlet is the sole broadcaster of information in that area) What are the hallmarks of Dangerous Speech? Dehumanization, or referring to people as insects, despised animals, bacteria, or cancer. This can make violence seem acceptable. Accusation in a mirror: Tell people that they face a mortal threat from a disfavoured or minority group, which makes violence seem not just acceptable, but necessary. Counterspeech is any direct response to Dangerous Speech which seeks to undermine it. Violence may be prevented by interfering with Dangerous Speech in several ways: Inhibiting the speech
Limiting its dissemination
Undermining the credibility of the speaker The most direct way is to have a positive effect on the speaker, convincing him or her to stop speaking dangerously now and in the future. It can also succeed by having an impact on the audience – communicating norms that make Dangerous Speech socially unacceptable or by ‘inoculating’ the audience against the speech so they are less easily influenced by it.
When it comes to hate speech, journalists and editors must pause and take the time to judge the potential impact of offensive, inflammatory content. This 5 point test, developed by the Ethical Journalism Network highlights questions in the gathering, preparation, and dissemination of news and helps place what is said and who is saying it in an ethical context.
1. STATUS OF THE SPEAKER How might their position influence their motives? Should they even be listened to or just ignored? 2. REACH OF THE SPEECH How far is the speech traveling? Is there a pattern of behavior? 3. GOALS OF THE SPEECH How does it benefit the speaker and their interests? Is it deliberately intended to cause harm to others? 4. THE CONTENT ITSELF Is the speech dangerous? Could it incite violence towards others? 5. SURROUNDING CLIMATE — SOCIAL / ECONOMIC / POLITICAL Who might be negatively affected? Is there a history of conflict or discrimination?
DON’T SENSATIONALISE! AVOID THE RUSH TO PUBLISH TAKE A MOMENT OF REFLECTION
HATE SPEECH AWARENESS
Hate speech, as defined by the Council of Europe, covers all forms of expression which spread, incite, promote or justify racial hatred, xenophobia, anti-Semitism or other forms of hatred based on intolerance, including: intolerance expressed by aggressive nationalism and ethnocentrism, discrimination and hostility against minorities, migrants and people of immigrant origin.
SOCIAL MEDIA GUIDELINES ON HATEFUL CONDUCT
You may not promote violence against or directly attack or threaten other people on the basis of: race • ethnicity • national origin • sexual orientation • gender • gender identity • religious affiliation • age • disability • or disease. Violent threats (direct or indirect): You may not make threats of violence or promote violence. What do you do if you see hate speech or dangerous speech online? Take a screenshot of potential hate speech on facebook, twitter, Whatsapp message or video including the comments as evidence. If you do respond to published comments that you may consider unfair always be accurate and professional. Remember to be authentic, constructive and respectful. Stay polite in tone and respectful of individuals’ opinions, especially when discussions become heated. Show proper consideration for other people’s privacy.
#ThinkB4UClick. Share Responsibly
Responsibility on social media is something many users overlook because you are hidden behind a screen. Behind every social media, a message is a person with a conviction, an intention, a certain mindset.
Are your personal convictions contributing to the betterment of society, your neighbor’s well-being, and your country? Are you standing up for justice, tolerance and understanding? Whenever you can make a stand, do so with compassion, and you will make a difference! How we respond to these messages changes us from passive consumers of technology to active and conscious creators and generators of change.
For every negative message you receive, send two positive messages.
You have the power. Use it wisely!